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12/09/2011

Для полета на Марс космонавтам нужны искусственные органы

 
 
Для полета на Марс космонавтам нужны искусственные органы

Искусственные органы для космонавтов

Поскольку человеческий организм не приспособлен для дальних полетов в космос, космонавтам, которые в будущем могут полететь на Марс, придется удалить или заменить на искусственные некоторые органы, сообщил в воскресенье заведующий лабораторией Института медико-биологических проблем (ИМБП) РАН Вячеслав Шуршаков.


«Человек, как вид, сформировался на Земле, поэтому для дальних космических полетов он не подготовлен всем ходом своей эволюции. Для полетов к другим планетам, как бы это грешно ни казалось, организм человека следует немного доработать, усовершенствовать. У человека есть критические органы, наиболее подверженные влиянию радиации, которые перед полетом на Марс следует удалить, заменить искусственными», - сказал ученый.

По его словам, обыденным в современном мире стала установка имплантатов на место вырванных зубов. Для участников длительных межпланетных полетов в будущем таким же естественным станет операция, например, на глазах и на мозге.

«Если в случае попадания высокоэнергетических частиц в кристаллик глаза у космонавта возникнет катаракта, так может перед полетом заменить космонавту хрусталик на искусственный?», - задается вопросом Шуршаков.

Еще одна особо чувствительная зона, которую может повредить попадание высокоэнергетической частицы, находится в мозге. Нарушение работы этой зоны может привести к развитию у космонавта болезни Альцгеймера. «Единственная страна, в которой лечат от этой болезни, это Япония. Там врачи научились иглой удалять подверженный риску участок мозга», - сказал ученый.

Возможно, выявятся и другие болезни и повреждения организма, к которым приводит влияние тяжелых заряженных частиц, но для этого требуются дополнительные исследования. «До конца влияние тяжелых заряженных частиц на психику, на физическое состояние организма не исследовано. Требуются огромные финансовые средства на проведение исследований», - пояснил представитель ИМБП. Полет на Марс, космонавтам нужны искусственные органы, фармафорум.

Artificial organs for astronauts

Because the human body is not designed for long-distance space travel, astronauts, who may in the future to fly to Mars, will have to remove or replace the artificial, some authorities said on Sunday the head of the Laboratory of the Institute of Biomedical Problems (IBMP RAS), Vyacheslav Shurshakov.

"Man as a species formed on Earth, so for long space flights, he is not prepared by the whole course of their evolution. For flights to other planets, as though it may seem a sin, the human body should be slightly refined, improved. In humans, there are critical organs are particularly susceptible to the influence of radiation that are before the flight to Mars should be removed, replaced with an artificial "- said the scientist.

According to him, everyday in the modern world began to place implants taken out of the teeth. For the participants of long interplanetary missions in the future will be as natural operation, such as the eyes and brain.

"If in the case of contact with high-energy particles in the crystal eyes of an astronaut there cataracts, so before the flight can be replaced with an artificial lens astronaut?" - Asks Shurshakov.

Another particularly sensitive area, which can damage the high-energy particles from entering, is in the brain. Violation of this zone can lead to the development of Alzheimer's disease astronaut. "The only country in which the cure of this disease, Japan. There doctors have learned a needle to remove part of the brain affected by risk, "- said the scientist.

It is possible, to identify other diseases and injuries of the body, which causes the effect of heavy charged particles, but this requires further investigation. "By the end effect of heavy charged particles on the psyche, the physical condition of the body has not been investigated. Requires huge financial resources for research ", - said the representative of IBMP. Flight to Mars, astronauts need artificial organs, farmaforum.

Russian portal of Medicine and Pharmacology

 
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